Friday, November 11, 2011

25 Most Shocking Crimes in Social Media History

The popularity and near necessity of social media sites has grown tremendously in the last few years, helping small businesses make connections, giving freelancers and students the chance to network with people they’d never be able to meet otherwise, and allow a place for all kinds of interest groups to chat and make friends online–from gardeners to book lovers to sports junkies. There is a dangerous and corrupt side to social media creators and users; however, and the ability to create fake profiles and violate privacy and copyright rules is still more than possible. Read below for 25 of the most shocking crimes in social media history.
Copyright, Hacking and Blackmail
From Facebook’s big lawsuits to MySpace hackers demanding pay-back from celebrities, these copyright, privacy and blackmail cases can get ugly.
  1. ConnectU vs. Facebook: Facebook founders Mark Zuckerberg, Eduardo Saverin, Dustin Moskovitz, Andrew McCollum and Christopher Hughes got in big trouble in 2007 when their former Harvard friends filed a lawsuit claiming that Facebook was a rip-off of their brand ConnectU. Zuckerberg did programming work for ConnectU during its start up and is accused of stealing the business model and basic codes to form Facebook. Because Facebook is such a popular social media site, the case garnered a lot of attention, but ConnectU’s charges of copyright infringement didn’t hold much weight, since "the majority of the allegations date back to the days before either Facebook or ConnectU was a formal corporation," according to CNET UK. In April 2008, though, Facebook settled, awarding ConnectU founders "an undisclosed sum of cash and stock," reported.
  2. Miss New Jersey blackmail case: During the summer of 2007, then Miss New Jersey Amy Polumbo was scandalized when private Facebook photos were published in tabloids. The pictures were acquired as part of a blackmail attempt and featured Polumbo in PG-13 poses with her boyfriend and drinking at parties. The Miss America organization did not decide to dethrone Polumbo, but she decided to release the photos herself anyway, to clear the air.
  3. Facebook vs. Montreal spammer: In November 2008, Facebook won its CAN-SPAM lawsuit against Canadian Adam Guerbuez, a spammer who clogged account holders’ pages with pornographic websites and other unsavory pitches. Guerbuez and the 26 others accused of spamming Facebook users were found guilty, and Facebook was awarded $873 million.
  4. Chang v. Virgin Mobile USA, LLC: In January 2009, a Texas teenager and her mother sued Virgin Mobile for using one of her personal photos uploaded on Flickr for an Australian advertisement. The lawsuit insisted that Allison Chang’s right of publicity had been exploited and that the use of her photo violated the Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 license she attached to her photo. The case was thrown out due to a discrepancy in jurisdiction, and no court could decide where to hold the case.
  5. Allison Stokke vs. Allison Stokke was just a regular California pole vaulter ready to start college when she became a sex symbol and Internet sensation after the blog posted her photo. The photo in question was taken during a competition and showed Stokke resting with her pole across her shoulder in a skimpy, but standard, track and field uniform. After the photo was featured online by various bloggers, Stokke received thousands of MySpace messages and e-mails and had a competition video posted on YouTube. The Washington Post reports that the photo eventually found its way to Matt Ufford of, who wrote, "meet pole vaulter Allison Stokke. . . . Hubba hubba and other grunting sounds." The original photographer threatened to sue Ufford and someone even created a fake Facebook page for Stokke–which was eventually taken down–but no criminal charges could ever be filed.
  6. Twitter hijacking: Twitter users generally enjoy a pretty straightforward social media experience, but a scam in 2008 hacked major celebrity accounts, including Bill O’Reilly, Barack Obama and Britney Spears. CNN anchor Rick Sanchez’s account was also hacked and featured fake tweets that said "i am high on crack right now might not be coming into work today." Gawker’s ValleyWag points out that this scam was virtually pointless, as the hackers didn’t profit financially from the phishing.
  7. Facebook phishing scam: This phishing scam posted messages on users’ profiles warning friends that they were going to delete their profiles and that friends should click on a link to the new profile. The new profile link, however, was really a fake login page that tricked Facebook users into logging in and letting hackers steal their information.
  8. Soulja Boy vs. MySpace hackers: Soulja Boy got mad when his MySpace was hacked and e-mail password was published online. The hackers left obscene messages on his MySpace page "where Soulja Boy purportedly declared his homosexuality" and insulted fans. The rapper was scammed by members of 4chan, who demanded that Soulja Boy pay them $2,500 "in order to regain control over his account," Cyber Crimes reports. Soulja Boy’s record company contacted MySpace, who returned his account.
  9. Miley Cyrus MySpace hacker: Teen actress and singer Miley Cyrus has had her share of scandals, and when her MySpace page was hacked and photos of her midriff were circulated around the Internet, parents got mad. But whatever you think of Miley, her hacker Josh Holly was the real one to blame and was eventually caught in an FBI raid on October 2008.
  10. Shaun Harrison and Saverio Mondelli: Long Island friends Shaun Harrison and Saverio Mondelli were caught when they tried to track MySpace users through e-mail by creating their own code, demanding that the social media network pay them $150,000 as a consulting fee. Under their plan, MySpace users would be able to view the IP and e-mail addresses of all the visitors to their profile, but MySpace’s terms of agreement prevents that sort of monitoring. MSNBC reports that "two counts of attempted extortion and another illegal computer access count were dropped in the deal," however.
  11. Universal vs. MySpace: In November 2006, Universal Music Group sued MySpace for copyright infringement. Universal claimed that "that Myspace has looked the other way as users unlawfully uploaded copyright music videos," and facilitated the easy spread of unlawful music sharing across the site, according to CNET News. Although MySpace had already been trying to cut back on copyright infringement for music sharing, Universal believed that MySpace was still exploiting artists and the company.
  12. Facebook v. This lawsuit is shocking according to TechDirt because it simply doesn’t make sense. Facebook sued, a social networking aggregator that lets users manage all of their social media profiles at once, for copyright and trademark infringement, unlawful competition and violation of the computer fraud and abuse act. According to TechDirt, does not try to trick anyone to believing they are using the original Facebook and actually serves to "actually improve the value of Facebook, rather than diminish it."
Sex Crimes, Assault and Murder
Tragically, social media sites like MySpace serve as an easy venue for sex predators and bullies to track their victims. These grisly crimes have affected innocent teenagers and kids.
  1. Megan Meier suicide: The tragic suicide of Missouri teenager Megan Meier was a top news story in 2006 and 2007. Meier was the victim of a prank that involved a classmate’s mother, Lori Drew, who set up a fake MySpace account and pretended to be a boy named Josh, who befriended Meier online. Drew apparently wanted to know whether or not Meier was gossiping about her own daughter and became close with her under false pretenses. "Josh" eventually said "he didn’t want to be [Meier's] friend anymore, that he had heard she wasn’t nice to her friends," according to Fox News. "Josh" continued to post messages taunting Meier, even calling her "fat" and a "slut." Meier hanged herself in her bedroom, and six weeks later, her parents found out about the fraudulent MySpace account. In May 2008, Drew was indicted on three counts of accessing protected computers without authorization to obtain information to inflict emotional distress, and one count of criminal conspiracy, according to Wikipedia.
  2. Middletown, CT, sex assaults: In 2006, seven teenage girls from Middletown, CT, reported to authorities that they had had consensual sex or engaged in sexual relations "with men who turned out to be older than they claimed," according to MSNBC. The girls, all under the age of 18 and as young as 12, met the men on MySpace.
  3. Kara Borden and David Ludwig: Pennsylvania teenager Kara Borden had to run away from home after she watched her boyfriend, David Ludwig shoot and kill her parents. The pair were tracked down by people who found their MySpace profiles and Xanga blog, and left obscene messages on their pages. Both Kara and David’s social media pages served as a platform for the public and journalists to speculate over their innocence or guilt.
  4. Doe v. MySpace: In this case, a minor and her mother sued MySpace after she was sexually assaulted by a nineteen-year-old man she contacted on the social media site. The lawsuit claimed that MySpace did not support or protect minors from predators, but it was eventually dismissed from Texas and New York federal courts.
  5. Judy Cajuste murder: Judy Cajuste’s murder is another example of MySpace predators who take advantage of vulnerable teens online. In January 2006, 14-year-old Cajuste was strangled to death in New Jersey and dumped in a dumpster. Friends believe Cajuste had already met the man offline before he allegedly killed her, saying that "she felt comfortable with him," already.
  6. The Olivia Haters Club: The new phenomenon called cyber bullying was the focus of a thirteen-year-old girl’s existence in 2006. Olivia Gardner has epilepsy, and inspired a mean girls’ club called "Olivia Haters" that kids from her middle school set up on MySpace. Gardner’s family could not charge the girls with any sort of crime, but it was still a shocking revelation for them.
  7. Teens charged with child pornography: Teenagers aren’t immune from being charged with child pornography, and in March 2006 in Providence, RI, 19-year-old Elizabeth Muller and a 16-year-old girl were charged for uploading pornographic pictures of themselves on MySpace.
  8. Lewis & Clark College sex assault: The campus at Lewis & Clark College in Portland, OR, became involved in a complicated sex assault case after sophomore Helen Hunter reported being sexually assaulted. In response to the assault, students set up a Facebook group that gossiped about the case and posted hostile messages towards her alleged assaulter, Morgan Shaw-Fox, even though Hunter never submitted a formal complaint. After Shaw-Fox made his own complaint about the Facebook page, he was suspended but never charged with a crime.
  9. Michael Macalindong blackmail and child pornography: In October 2008, Michael Macalindong was sentenced to 34 years in federal prison for posing as a teenage girl, soliciting a teenage boy, and trying to blackmail him for not posting sexual videos of himself on Facebook. After striking up a friendship with the boy, the Chicago Tribune reports that Macalindong, 25, "told the teen he could have sex with her" but only if the teen had sex with her male friend first. Macalindong was that male "friend," police said.
  10. Fontana, CA MySpace sting: California teenagers who set up a fake MySpace profile as a joke ended up luring a sex predator and having him arrested. The boys created a fake profile for a 15-year-old girl, which attracted a man who sent sexually explicit message to "her." Eventually, the boys agreed to meet the man in a park, "and, when the man arrived, they called police," according to MSNBC.
  11. Andrew LubranoWired writer Kevin Poulsen created a code that would find sex predators on MySpace, a controversial tactic that actually helped catch Andrew Lubrano. Lubrano was arrested and convicted of sex crimes in the 1980s and 90s but was eventually released. In 2005, he signed up for MySpace, where he found teenage boys to "friend." Poulsen directed Long Island police to Lubrano’s page, letting them conduct an investigation, which results in his arrest.
  12. Amanda Knoble shooting: Cyber bullying became an almost-deadly reality for Amanda Knoble in 2008, when another teenage girl, 15-year-old Andrea Haskins, threatened to kill her in a message on MySpace. Haskins shot Knoble in the leg after sending her the message and was charged as an adult for attempted first-degree intentional homicide.
  13. Florida teens beat-down: This serious beating of a teenage girl started on MySpace. The victim’s father, reports ABC News 24, says the girls wanted to create a video that would become popular on You Tube. But the mother of one of the arrested teens says the victim provoked the attack by threatening and insulting the girls on My Space. The victim was jumped by six girls who gave her a concussion, bruises and injured her eye and ear while two boys stood watch. All eight teenagers were arrested.

Friday, May 14, 2010

Dad forced naked son, 9, into oven at family home

A NINE-year-old boy was forced naked into an oven by his father at the family’s townhouse in New York, after rummaging in his dad’s wallet
The incident happened in the Graniteville neighborhood of Staten Island at about 9pm local time, Wednesday, according to a spokesman for District Attorney Daniel Donovan.
The boy was put in an unlit oven by 6 feet 3 inch James Moss, 52, before being forced to hold his hands over an open flame on the burner for two minutes, stated court papers.
The child, who was treated for second and third degree burns at Staten Island University Hospital in South Beach, was hit with a spatula, smacked on the face and dragged across the floor by Moss, according to police.
Moss was charged with second-degree assault and endangering the welfare of a child and was remanded to Rikers Island, New York City’s main jail complex, after he failed to post a $15,000 bail or bond.
Thursday, May 13, 2010

Fear of honour killing - Couple is 48 hours away from wedding

Jayvendra is 48 hours away from his wedding. His bridegroom jitters have little to do with fear of commitment.

"I heard they have issued a death threat against me," he says.

"They" refers to the khap panchayat or caste council in his village in Dadri. Like other khaps, this one has a strong opinion on who's marrying who. And it doesn't want Jayvendra to marry Manisha, his fiancée.

Unlike recent cases that have provoked the wrath of khap panchayats in Haryana and Punjab, Manisha and Jayavendra are not from the same gotra or sub-caste - which is tantamount to incest for caste councils.

But because Jayavendra and Manisha come from gotras that co-exist in the same village, the khap panchayat here has ruled that the bride and groom are related.

Executions in such cases, ordered by the khap panchayat and carried out by the bride's family, have been occurring with blatant regularity, pushing India to discuss the worrying prevalence of caste and of khap panchayats functioning as kangaroo courts.  Recently, US-educated MP, Navin Jindal, shocked many by expressing his support for khap panchayats who want same-gotra marriages to be declared illegal.

What is an ideological debate for many is a worrying reality for Jayavendra.  "The panchayat has told us that we won't be allowed to do Ghorchari in the village, and we will also not be allowed to bring the bride to the village," he states, adding that he will live with his new bride outside their village.

For his wedding on Saturday, he has asked for police protection. But he knows the real test could lie in the weeks after that, as Manisha and he try to fade into desperate anonymity to begin their married life.

NDTV Report by Tanima Biswas 
Wednesday, May 5, 2010

NY bomb plot raises questions about Pak military-terror nexus

WASHINGTON: Long in thrall of the Pakistani military for geo-political reasons, Washington is finally starting to examine that institution's ties to terrorism following the discovery that failed Times Square bomber Faisal Shahzad also belongs to an elite 'fauji'/diplomatic family as did alleged Mumbai carnage facilitators David Headley and Tawassur Rana.

Initial reports describe Shahzad as the son of Air Vice Marshal (retd) Baharul Haq, who retired from the Pakistan Air Force in early 90's and later was a senior official in the country's Civil Aviation Authority (CAA). His uncle Maj. Gen. Tajul Haq, is reported to have been inspector general of the Frontier Corps.

If the family ties are confirmed, analysts says it follows the pattern of mediocre sons from some elite Pakistani families becoming terrorists, a development far removed from the clichéd image of indigent madrassa recruits that is often associated with Pakistani terrorism.

Headley-Gilani's father was a civil service diplomat, while Rana came from a family of army officers, including brothers serving in the military. Both went to the elite Hasan Abdal Cadet College before migrating to the west.

Ahmad Rashid, among the foremost experts on extremism in the region, said it was "truly extraordinary, from a Pakistani perspective, is that he (Shahzad) belongs to this country's true blue-blooded establishment" and warned that "US-Pakistan relations are likely to sour dramatically for the Pakistanis" if Shahzad is found to have been trained in bomb-making in Pakistan's badlands it has avoided cracking down on.

"The fact that his father belonged to the country's ruling elite helped provide a cover that made it virtually impossible to detect his terrorist activities. The fact that he was determined to set off a bomb in the US rather than in Pakistan or in Afghanistan where Westerners have been recruited as suicide bombers makes him Pakistan's first global jihadist," Rashid explained in a commentary.

In fact, there is now an ongoing re-examination of terrorists' profile in Washington, considering the terrorist groups' avowed intention of using recruits who can easily enter countries like the US and meld into western society. They are more likely to be wearing Dockers than dishdasha, and speak fluent English besides their native language. Some law-makers are talking of tightening immigration, visa, and citizenship rules to stop the infiltration of such 'elite' terrorists.

While US law-enforcement authorities allowed themselves a brief moment of self-congratulation at the speed with which they zeroed in on Faisal Shahzad, the cold light of the morning has raised deeper questions about his entry to the U.S as a student, his assimilation or otherwise into American society, the process by which he acquired citizenship, and at what point did a 30-year old family man, a father of two infants, turn into a terrorist. Analysts have also noted that he earned an engineering degree (as did Khalid Sheikh Mohammed and Mohammed Atta) before going in for an MBA.

Some of the answers to these questions lie in Pakistan, where, Shahzad has admitted in initial questioning, he received militant training. U.S investigators are now looking into whether he has ties to terrorist groups such as Tehreek-e-Taliban, Lashkar-e-Taiba, or Jaish-E-Mohammed, or whether he acted alone and was a lone wolf as he claims.

Of particular interest is his transit through Dubai, which was also Mumbai massacre caser David Headley transit point. The fact that Shahzad gave his nationality as Kashmiri in his latest passport is also being scrutinized for whether he has ties with groups operating there.

The Shahzad episode has also brought immense scrutiny on the Pakistani establishment, after a brief honeymoon period in which the Obama administration rhapsodized over its sterling role against terrorism. Leading analysts are asking hard questions, including whether the Pakistani military, the real power fronted by a dummy civilian government, has genuinely given up use of terrorism as covert policy given its decades-long neuroses about India.

"The Pakistani government is still obsessed with the idea of an Indian domination of the region...That's what makes me skeptical that there's been a true strategic revolution in Pakistan... There are still people who believe that there are good terrorists and bad terrorists, and some you can work with to further Pakistan's goals," Newsweek's Fareed Zakaria said on CNN even as the Pakistani fan club in Washington DC kept a discreet silence.

Describing Pakistan as an "epicenter of Islamic terrorism," an expression the Obama administration has avoided using of late, Zakaria said "it's worth noting that even the terrorism that's often attributed to the war in Afghanistan tends to come out of Pakistan, to be planned by Pakistanis, to be funded from Pakistan or in some other way to be traced to Pakistan," Pakistan's connection with terrorist groups, he said, goes back decades and has often been encouraged by that nation's military for strategic reasons.

That's something successive recent US administrations have been leery of raising publicly given Washington's dependence on Islamabad to conduct the war not only in Afghanistan, but within Pakistan itself. But the near tragedy in Times Square is likely to jolt the Obama administration from its credulous thrall of what many analysts say is Pakistan's dodgy and selective fight against terrorism.

Wednesday, April 28, 2010

Baby 'left to die' after botched abortion

The 22-week infant died one day later in intensive care at a hospital in the mother's home town of Rossano in southern Italy.

The mother, pregnant for the first time, had opted for an abortion after prenatal scans suggested that her baby was disabled.

However, the infant survived the procedure, carried out on Saturday in the Rossano Calabro hospital, and was left by doctors to die.

He was discovered alive the following day – some 20 hours after the operation – by Father Antonio Martello, the hospital chaplain, who had gone to pray beside his body.

He found that the baby, wrapped in a sheet with his umbilical cord still attached, was moving and breathing.
The priest raised the alarm and doctors immediately arranged for the infant to be taken to a specialist neo-natal unit at the neighbouring Cosenza hospital, where he died on Monday morning.

Italian police are investigating the case for "homicide" because infanticide is illegal in Italy.

The law means that doctors have had an obligation to try to preserve the life of the child once he had survived the abortion.

The Italian government is also considering an inquiry into the conduct of the hospital staff.

Eugenia Roccella, the under-secretary of state in the health department, on Wednesday night promised a government inquiry into the incident.

“The minister of health will send inspectors to the hospital in Rossano Calabro to investigate what actually happened, and to see if the Law 194, which prohibits abortion when there is a possibility of the foetus living separately from the mother, and permits it only when the continuation of the pregnancy would result in life-threatening danger to the mother.”

She said that if initial information is correct, “this would be a case of deliberate abandonment of a seriously premature neonate, possibly also with some form of disability, an act contrary to any sense of human compassion but also of any accepted professional medical practice".

She added: “We must remember that a baby, once born, is an Italian citizen equal to all the others, and is entitled to all fundamental rights, including the right to health and therefore to be given full support.”
The case has reignited controversy on the legality of abortion in the Roman Catholic country.
It could also raise questions in Britain over the legal upper limits for abortion and the viability of the foetus – or its ability to survive outside of the womb.

A spokesman for the ProLife Alliance said: "There cannot be anybody in the world who is not horrified by a story like this nor anybody in the UK who would not support a massive reduction in the upper limit for abortion."
Most abortions at 22 weeks simply involve the induction of the birth which normally results in the death of a young foetus.

The case is causing uproar in Italy because it is the second involving a foetus of that age surviving the procedure in just three years.

The other involved a baby in Florence who weighed just 17oz when he was aborted at 22 weeks because of a suspected genetic disorder, but lived for three days.

Since 1978, abortion has been available on demand in Italy in the first three months of pregnancy but is restricted to specific circumstances – such as disability- in the second trimester. The government is considering a review of the working of the laws.

The case also comes as figures in Britain revealed last week that the number of babies born weighing only 2lbs has more than doubled in just two years.

Yet the proportion of tiny babies born stillborn has nearly halved, the health service statistics have shown.
The figures do not reveal at what stage the babies were born but a child weighing under 2lbs is likely to have been born at least three months early.

They will inevitably include some born alive at an age when they could, in other circumstances, have been aborted.
More than 200,000 abortions are performed each year, most for non-medical reasons within the legal upper limit of 24 weeks gestation.
The increasing number of babies surviving below 24 weeks, partly because of advances in medicine, has led to widespread calls for the legal upper limit to be further reduced.

Attempts to lower the limit failed in Parliament in 2008.

In 2005 a baby boy in Manchester was born alive at 24 weeks after surviving three attempts to abort him. He is now a five-year-old schoolboy.

References: The Telegraph (UK) report, By Simon Caldwell
Published: 4:29PM BST 28 Apr 2010
Friday, April 2, 2010

They threw their five-year-old daughter from apartment - A case that has transfixed Brazil

A Brazilian couple have been jailed for strangling their five-year-old daughter and throwing her from the window of their sixth-floor apartment building, in a case that has transfixed the country.
The investigation into the death of Isabella Nardoni, whose body was found on March 29, 2008, has been breathlessly followed by the media in the South American nation.
Her father Alexandre Nardoni and stepmother Anna Carolina Jatobe both claimed that an intruder was responsible for the death of the five-year-old.
But the prosecution found it was impossible that Nardoni and Jatobe were not in their apartment at the time of the murder, offering phone records and data from their car's GPS.
After a five-day deliberation, jurors found both of the accused guilty of the crime, Globo news agency reported.
The public fascination with the death of Isabella Nardoni has been likened to the disappearance of Madeleine McCann in the UK and the OJ Simpson trial in the US, with a poll showing 98 percent of Brazilians were aware of the case.
The interest in Isabella's death is unusual for a country where 45,000 people are murdered each year.

Nardoni was sentenced to 31 years behind bars, while Jatobe will serve a 26 year sentence.
Image is from for caso_isabella_nardoni_reconstituicao. 

Moscow Subway Bomber: Teenage Widow Of Islamist Militant Named As Suicide Bomber By Russian Media

MOSCOW — A 17-year-old widow of a slain Islamist rebel was one of the two female suicide bombers who attacked Moscow's subway, a leading Russian newspaper reported Friday, as President Dmitry Medvedev announced new measures to crack down on terrorism.

The death toll from Monday's subway bombings in Moscow rose to 40 on Friday as a man died in the hospital of his injuries. At least 90 others were injured in those attacks.

Medvedev, himself a lawyer, said the laws should be broadened so that those who help terrorists even in small ways – "by making soup or washing clothes" – are punished. However, that is something Russian authorities have already been doing.

The Kommersant newspaper reported that the subway bombers came from Dagestan and Chechnya, two neighboring, predominantly Muslim provinces in Russia's volatile North Caucasus region. Dagestan was the site of two subsequent suicide bombings on Wednesday that killed 12 people, mostly police officers, and another explosion Thursday that killed two suspected militants.

Federal and local officials in Dagestan refused to comment Friday to The Associated Press on the newspaper report. A Chechen militant leader on Thursday claimed responsibility for the subway bombings.

Kommersant published a photograph of a young woman dressed in a black Muslim headscarf and holding a pistol. It named her as Dzhennet Abdurakhmanova from Dagestan, saying she was also known as Dzhennet Abdullayeva.
A man with his arm around her, also holding a gun, is identified as Umalat Magomedov, whom the paper describes as an Islamist militant leader killed by government forces in December.

The report, giving no sources, said the second bomber has been tentatively identified as 20-year-old Markha Ustarkhanova from Chechnya. On Thursday, the paper said she was the widow of a militant leader killed last October while preparing to assassinate Chechen President Ramzan Kadyrov, who is backed by the Kremlin.

Female suicide bombers from the North Caucasus are referred to in Russia as "black widows" because many of them are the wives, or other relatives, of militants killed by security forces.

Medvedev and Prime Minister Vladimir Putin have called for the terrorists to be unceremoniously destroyed. On Friday, Medvedev broadened the targets to include their accomplices.

"In my opinion, we have to create such a model for terrorist crimes that anyone who helps them – no matter what he does, be it cook the soup or wash the clothes – has committed a crime," Medvedev said.

Russian police and security forces have long been accused of seizing people suspected of aiding militants.

Some people were tortured and many disappeared, and rights people trying to document the abuses have also been slain, kidnapped, threatened or have disappeared.

The Huffingston Post